The Sitar is a plucked stringed instrument, originating from the Indian subcontinent, used in Hindustani classical music. The instrument flourished under the Mughals, and it is named after a Persian instrument called the setar (meaning three strings). The sitar flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries and arrived at its present form in 18th-century India. It derives its distinctive timbre and resonance from sympathetic strings, bridge design, a long hollow neck, and a gourd-shaped resonance chamber. In appearance, the sitar is similar to the tanpura, except that it has frets. Sri Vijay Gonahalu performs sitar accompanied by Sri Puttaraj Gonahalu for Tabla.
Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. It may also be called North Indian classical music. Its origins date from the 12th century CE, when it diverged from Carnatic music, the classical tradition of southern regions of the Indian subcontinent. Hindustani classical music has strongly influenced Indonesian classical music and Dangdut popular music, especially in instrumentation, melody, and beat. Besides vocal music, which is considered to be of primary importance, its main instruments are the sitar and sarod. Smt Mouna Ramachandra preforms Hindustani Vocal accompanied by Sri Satish Kolli for Harmonium and Sri Gurumurthy Vaidya for Tabla.